What is the cost of laying hens? Breeding must be accounted and managed in order to control all costs and increase profits.
The cost budget and profit analysis of laying hens: the breeding cycle of laying hens (from newly hatched chicks to the final elimination) is generally 17 months, and is divided into two stages: the previous stage is the growth period, that is, from just hatching The time from laying chicks to the beginning of egg laying is generally from 0 to 5 months, a total of 5 months; the latter stage is the laying period, which is the period from the beginning of egg laying to the final elimination.
1. The breeding cycle of laying hens
The breeding cycle of laying hens (from newly hatched chicks to the final elimination) is generally 17 months and is divided into two stages: the previous stage is the growth period, from the newly hatched chicks to the beginning of egg production It is generally from 0 to May, a total of 5 months; the latter stage is the egg laying period, which is the period from the beginning of egg production to the last elimination, which is generally from May to 17 months, a total of 12 months.
Second, the budget of laying hen breeding cost
Cultivation costs of laying hens generally include the following aspects: 1. Chicks. According to the investigation, the price of chicks in the whole city is about 3 yuan per bird recently.
2. Feed (feed cost = feed consumption × feed price). ①Consumption: During the brooding period (0-February), about 3.7 kg of feed is consumed. During the growth period (March to May), each chicken consumes about 0.17 kg of feed per day on average. It is estimated that each chicken consumes about 0.17×30=5.1 kg of feed per month, and each chicken consumes in the growing period (3 months) The feed is about 5.1×3=15.3 kg. During the egg laying period (May-July), the average chicken consumes about 0.27 kg of feed per day. From this, it is estimated that each chicken consumes about 0.27×30=8.1 kg of feed per month. ) The feed consumption is about 8.1×12=97.2 kg. The total consumption of feed during the growing period and egg production is about 3.7+15.3+97.2=116.2 kg. ② Feed price: The price of feed directly purchased by the farmer from the manufacturer is generally about 1.18 yuan/jin, and some farmers formulate their own feed, the price is generally about 1.13 yuan/jin, which is extrapolated, the cost of purchasing feed=116.2×1.18= 137.116 yuan. The cost of self-made feed=116.2×1.13=131.306 yuan.
3. Epidemic prevention fees. Growing period (0 to May): In the absence of major diseases, the epidemic prevention cost of each chicken in the growing period of 5 months is generally about 2 yuan per bird. Egg laying period (May-July): In the absence of major diseases, the epidemic prevention cost for each chicken in the growing period of 12 months is generally about 1.5 yuan per bird. Therefore, the total cost of epidemic prevention for one chicken in one breeding cycle is about 2 + 1.5 = 3.5 yuan per bird.
4. Water and electricity charges. Due to the different charging methods for water and electricity in the counties of the city, at the same time, many farmers have their own wells, so the cost of water and electricity varies greatly, and the average cost of water and electricity for each chicken is one breeding cycle (17 months) It’s about 0.5 yuan.
5. Total cost (not including labor cost). On the premise of excluding labor costs, the total cost of laying hens = chicks + feed + epidemic prevention fees + water and electricity costs. Calculated according to the cost of purchasing feed: total cost = 3 + 137.116 + 3.5 + 0.5 = 144.116 yuan. Calculated according to the cost of self-made feed: total cost = 3 + 131.306 + 3.5 + 0.5 = 138.306 yuan.
III. Profit analysis of layer breeding
1. Egg income (egg price × egg production). On average, each laying hen lays about 300 eggs in a breeding cycle (17 months), and the average egg is about 8 1 kg, then the production volume of a laying hen in a breeding cycle is about 300 ÷ 8 = 37.5 kg.
2. Eliminate chicken income. Laying hens are generally eliminated after 17 months, ie 1 year after laying.
3. Chicken manure income. In recent years, due to the massive application of chemical fertilizers, the land compaction situation has become serious. Many farmers have switched to using farm manure. The price of chicken manure has also increased. The selling price per cubic meter is between 40 and 80 yuan, with an average of 60 yuan. On average, every 300 chickens produce 1 cubic meter of chicken manure per month, that is, each chicken produces about 1/300 cubic meters of manure per month, then a chicken can produce about 17×1/manure in one breeding cycle (17 months) 300=17/300 cubic meters. Calculated at 60 yuan per cubic meter, the chicken manure income per chicken for one breeding cycle is 17/300×60=3.4 yuan.
4. Total revenue. Total revenue = egg income + eliminated chicken income + chicken manure income. Then, the income of eggs = the total income-the income of eliminated chickens-the income of chicken manure.