According to the natural conditions, geographical conditions, social conditions and economic conditions in various parts of our country, especially the national conditions and geographical conditions with different biological safety conditions, a variety of feeding modes and supporting multiple standard systems for the national laying hen industry should be carried out. Here are some common stocking methods.
1 Woodland, barren mountain (beach), pasture stocking
Poultry can prey on insects and larvae, forage grass and grass seeds, humus, chicken manure forests, fat beaches, fat pastures at any time. Poultry farming can not only save feed and reduce costs, but also reduce the damage of pests to forest trees and pastures, which is beneficial to the growth of trees and pastures. However, in the implementation of aquaculture production, the number and type of poultry to be reared should be customized according to factors such as the density of pastures, woodland, barren mountains (beach) and other factors. When the soil moisture is poor and the forages grow poorly, they should be less or not. Excessive or excessive grazing will destroy vegetation. Long-term breeding bases may consider artificial grass planting and artificial feeding of earthworms, mealworms, etc., adding silage or yellow straw to supplement natural feed shortages.
2 Grazing in orchards, mulberry gardens, wolfberry gardens, etc.
Due to the lack of water, this kind of site has a lot of fertilizer, thick grass and insects. Properly and reasonably stocking poultry, poultry farming can not only make a huge profit, but also poultry can prey on adults, larvae and pupae of ants, scarabs, leaf moths, ground tigers and other pests. Poultry forage tender grass, phytoplasm and ground fruit, and can also eat the bottom fruit to play the role of combing fruit, which is reasonable for the normal growth and high yield of fruit trees. Not only save labor and reduce the use of pesticides, but poultry manure can bar fields, its economic benefits are very significant. However, the number of free-range poultry should be strictly controlled. If the number is too large, the poultry will destroy trees and fruits due to starvation. In addition, when spraying pesticides on fruit mulberry gardens, grazing should be banned for a week.
3 Stocking of manor and ecological park
Due to its artificial and semi-natural characteristics, if such venues are reasonably arranged to house different poultry, including waterfowl and some special poultry (medical health care, ornamental, game, game, etc.), Not only can bring economic benefits to the park, but also add distinctive landscape to the park. A reasonable number of poultry can eat insects and grass in the park and turn the damage into treasure. Not only does it use resources, poultry manure also improves soil fertility. This method makes economic and ecological benefits highly unified and is an ideal field for the production of green food and garden economy.
4 Ecological grazing
Grazing, that is, grazing and feeding, can make full use of wild feed resources and reduce feed expenditure; through chickens eating grass and eating insects to achieve biological insecticides and herbicides; the stocking method has good isolation effect, less disease occurrence, and high survival rate; By raising chickens, soil quality can be improved, a single agricultural production structure can be changed, and the combination of breeding and breeding can be achieved to form a comprehensive benefit.
Reasonable use of land resources not only alleviates the serious environmental pollution caused by the discharge of chicken manure, but also reduces the use of chemical fertilizers in forest land. Chicken manure contains proteins and other nutrients, which can be used as nutrients for animals such as earthworms and insects in the forest garden. So as to provide chickens with rich protein feed and save production costs.
Eco-cultivated chickens are high-quality and pollution-free. The chicken and egg yolks have a lot of vitamin deposits, dark colors, high quality, and have a large tonic effect on the human body, unique flavors, and high economic benefits.
Pollution-free public quality broilers produced by grazing and feeding methods represent the production direction of local chickens in China. This will make full use of China’s natural resources, promote industrial structure adjustment, promote agricultural efficiency, increase farmers’ income, and improve the agricultural ecological environment. It will have a positive impact and is a green breeding practical technology worthy of vigorous promotion.